Flu and Pneumonia
Key Facts About the Flu
What is the Flu (influenza)?
The flu is a serious and contagious respiratory illness
caused by the influenza viruses.
What are the Symptoms of Flu?
Symptoms of flu may include:
- Fever or feeling feverish
- Sore throat
- Runny or stuffy nose
- Muscle or body aches
- Occasionally vomiting and diarrhea
How is the flu spread?
The flu is spread by droplets made when people with the flu cough, sneeze or talk. Droplets can travel as far as six feet away. It can also spread by people touching surfaces that have flu virus on it and touching their eyes, nose, or mouth.
Who is at highest risk of flu complications?
- Children younger than 5, but especially children younger than 2 years old
- People 50 years of age and older
- Pregnant women
- People of any age with chronic medical conditions such as athsma and a weakened immune system.
- People who live in nursing homes and other long-term care facilities
How Can I Prevent the Flu?
The single best way to prevent the flu is to get a flu vaccine each season. Everyone over 6 months of age is recommended to get a flu vaccine each year. Flu shots are available for persons over 6 months of age. People should get vaccinated every year because immunity to influenza viruses decline over time and circulating strains often change from year to year.
In addition to getting the flu vaccine, take extra hygiene precautions to protect yourself and others from the flu:
- Wash your hands often with warm water and soap
- Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue or with your arm when you sneeze or cough
- Avoid close contact with anyone who is sick
- If you do get sick with the flu, say home and away from others for at least 24 hours after your fever is gone
Call your medical provider as soon as you feel ill, especially if you have medical conditions, so that you may be prescribed antiviral medications.
When should I get a Flu Vaccine?
You should get your flu shot as soon as it becomes available each year, however, there is benefit to getting the vaccine later as long as the flu is still circulating.
Where can I get my flu shot?
Onondaga County Health Department offers a weekly flu clinic for the public every Wednesday, from 9:00am - 12:00 noon in room 30 (basement level) of the Civic Center. The clinic provides flu vaccine for Onondaga County residents 6 months of age and older once vaccine is available. Please call 435-2000 for availability. This is a walk-in clinic, no appointments are necessary.
For more information about seasonal flu, please visit:
Pneumococcal Vaccine Recommendations
The CDC recommends pneumococcal vaccine (also called the pneumonia shot) for all adults over 65, and for adults 18 – 64 with long term health problems, conditions or medications that lower the body’s resistance to infection, and for those who smoke or have asthma. Adults age 65 and older should receive a series of two different types of pneumococcal vaccine. They should routinely receive PCV13 and PPSV23 at least 12 months apart.